AS Short Stories Writers

This year we are starting our preparation for the AS exams. So Pato, our literature teacher, decided to collect information about the authors who wrote the short stories. She divided us into several groups and assigned us two authors for each. We were suppose to investigate their biography so as to learn about their lives, to understand the movement which they belonged to, and their main themes when writing. Here is the presentation which includes all the writers. Enjoy it!



In our literature class we read a story called “Tyres”, written by Adam Thorpe. Here is the analysis of it and the stages of rite of passage I wrote with Victoria Landolfo, Lola Villegas, Rosario Vago and Sybilla Correa Perkins

Analysis                                                                                                                               Setting: Macrocosm (historical-social context)
• war (dark)
• life in a french village
• Love relationship (clear)

(P. 404)
Key moment
• Now, they can see the war is near!
• war is really happening in front of their eyes!

Love and war get interconnected

• specularity -> he feels reflected on the body of a young boy (son of a butcher’s)

• Climax: point of no return
He finally feels involved/touched


(P. 405) -> description of the “act”
• full of emotions
• The narrator feels more alive than ever before!


Ending (p. 407)
Dead -alive
• he is alive but dead inside
• Narrator:
~ feels guilty
~ he never grew out of it
~ senseless life
~ stagnation (stillness)
• he spends the rest of his life paying for his mistakes

• Voice: a narrator telling his memories (a flash back)

• Theme:
~ never letting go
~ paying for your mistakes
~ loyalty to the girl, country
~ love for the girl and for France
~ no cutting corners
~ love vs war
~ how individuals are kind of determined by the reality of society and the content they lived in

• Tone:
~ sad / depressing
~ romantic
~ guilty / remorseful



from not knowing that war was near to experiencing it.

  • Object of desire: the girl, Cecil                                                                                              
  • Trespassing, breaking the law of “the father figure”: when he prefers the girl over his own father
  • there should be a dare (taking action): when he breaks the tyre of the Gestapo officer, he “cuts corners”

Trespassing and dare are connected

  • The mischief should be owned up: he don’t confess and accept, he feels guilty and remorseful. He didn’t speak to his father or to Ceci’s family. He got stuck in the past. He is dead-alive
  • An act of atonement: he decides he’ll never be happy again. He punished himself. He didn’t move on, because mature people accept their responsibilities, without forgetting it, but continue living their lives. However, he never had a family or kids.


Song: By Lady Mary Wroth

In our literature class we read a poem called “Song” by Lady Mary Wroth. After reading it, we did an analysis and we complete a photocopy explaining what does each stanza mean. Afterwards, we saw a presentation on our teacher’s blog and we comment if we agree with that presentation or not. I wrote my comment with Rochi Segura and Fefi Marty.





Lion Heart

In our literature class, we started reading a poem called “Lion Heart”. After reading it, we had to do an activity in our blogs.

2)  Look up words in the dictionary

CREST: Highest part of a hill

IVORY: very pale

HERALDING: a royal messenger

SQUALL: A  violent gust of wind.

UNSHEATHED: To plow from a sheath, sword, knife,etc

VAULT: arched structure

TO THROB: To palpitate

BUMBOATS: A boat used in peddling provisions and small wares among vessels liying in port or offshore

RAW: exposed


3) Who is the writer?

The writer of the poem “Lion Heart” is Amanda Chong


4) Check what the merlion is. Find a photo to illustrate your post in your blog

The merlion is the lion statute, called “the Merlion Statute”,  in Singapore



5) Watch the following videos and take notes to analyse the poem in detail.

I wrote my notes with Victoria Landolfo and Lola Villegas Argento


  • Amanda was only sixteen when she wrote the poem
  • The poem talks about the stablation of the Singapore’s city-state and also about the people of the country, who have to stay true to their origins and take pride in it
  • Structure: 6 stanzas of 6 lines each // irregular rythme and rhyme
  • Symbol of Singapore –> it represented braveries
  •  Topic:
    1. Love for Singapore/ the nation
    2. Love for identity and nationality
  • Tone: Reminding, inspiring, nationalistic, proud, admiration (awe)


You came out of the sea,
skin dappled scales of sunlight;
Riding crests, waves of fish in your fists.
Washed up, your gills snapped shut.
Water whipped the first breath of your lungs,
Your lips’ bud teased by morning mists.

  • Have lots of “S”
  • “You”: he Merlion, by extantion, it could refer to the origins of all Singaporeans
  • Out of the sea“: the fact that the Merlion came out of the sea refers to how closely Singapore is tied to it for its existance and prosperity
  • Riding crests“: the fact that the Merlion is riding crets is refer to its skill and maestry over its aquatic element. “Riding” could also mean travelling to a destination
  • scales of sunlight // waves of fish in your fists”: This image gives a sense of the Merlion’s power
  • “Gills snapped shut”: It means that the Merlion is adapting himself to live a life on land, a violent process
  • “Water whipped“: The repetition of the “W” emphasises the verb “whipped”
  • Your lips’ bud teased by morning mists” (personification & syntax): “lip’s bud” refer to the Merlion’s adaptation to life on land. The repetition of the letter “M” might be a Merlion’s exppresion of satisfaction

Notes in class:

“you” personification of the Merlion (powerful symbol)
– The Merlion standing out, representing all Singaporeans
– Dappled=colorful
– Crests= “fish”
– Vocabulary in connection to see –> semantic field (sea/water)



You conquered the shore, its ivory coast.
Your legs still rocked with the memory of waves.
Sinews of sand ran across your back-
Rising runes of your oceanic origins.
Your heart thumped- an animal skin drum
heralding the coming of a prince.

  • Conquerd“: refers to de defeat, and afterwards, the domination. The Merlion was victorious and claimed ownership of the land
  • Ivory coast“: refers to the purity of white leading to “virgin” territories. The Merlion formed a settlement
  • Still rocked“: Although the Merlion is adapted to the land it is always adapted to the sea. “rocked” is like a shooting force
  • Sniews“: imply it is ganining strength
  • Rising runes“: runes means in Old Germany a mistery or a secret. However the alliteration gives the sense of an event. Perhaps that the runes suggested that the Merlion’s emergence was predestined
  • Oceanic origins“: The poem refreshed us that the Merlion is tied to the sea. The alliteration of the word “O” gives a sense of wonder
  • animal skin drum heralding the coming of a prince“: this represent the arrival of Prince Sri Tri Buana who founded a settlement after seeing beast upon landing on the island of Tumasik

Notes in class:

– “Ivory coat” “Shore” “Waves” “Sand” “Oceanic”
– Although the Merlion is on land, it’s always connected to the sea



In the jungle, amid rasping branches,
trees loosened their shadows to shroud you.
The prince beheld you then, a golden sheen.
Your eyes, two flickers; emerald blaze
You settled back on fluent haunches;
The squall of a beast. your roar, your call.

  • rasping branches“: This refers to something dry, unpleasant and harmful
  • trees loosened their shadows to shroud you“: even thye flora responds to the need of Merlion
  • The prince a golden sheen“: conveys value on Merlion. He seems transformed in this constract, suggesting that it was waiting to reveal its trueafter seeing a beast upon landing on the island  of Tumasik
  • emerald blaze“: “Emerald” suggests a brilliancy and great worth in the Merlion’s gaze. “Blaze” means ferocity
  • You settled back on fluent haunches“: The Merlion settled in the place that later on will be Singapore. This signifies the Merlion’s ability to respond to change or threat
  • squall of a beast.“: Squall is a storm in the sea or a cry. Both things might convey an element power to the Merlion
  • your roar, your call“: The repetition of “your” conflates the roar of the Merlion and the voice of Singaporeans. “roar” became a triumphant rallying

Notes in class:

– Now the setting is on land “jungle”
– Described as full of life (“eyes”) –> as Singapore
– The repetition of “your” emphasis the personification of the museum.



In crackling boats, seeds arrived, wind-blown,
You summoned their colours to the palm
of your hand, folded them snugly into loam,
watched saplings swaddled in green,
as they sunk roots, spawned shade,
and embraced the land that embraced them.

  • It is show how important the sea is, since it is their transportation
  • seeds arrived, wind-blown“: the seeds seems to be destined to arrive
  • summoned their colours“: This means that the Merlion commands the colours: the flags and the seeds
  • folded them snugly into loam“: “loam” is a fertile soil. Literally speaking, the Merlion wanted to plant seeds. Metaphorically speaking, the Merlion wantts to create a connection between the people and the land ir represents
  • saplings swaddled“: It refers to an image of the growth of a new plant
  • sunk roots, spawned shade“: links together the process of humans settling the land
  • embraced the land that embraced them“: The repetition of “embraced” convey a sense of security, unity, love & affection

Notes in class:

– “Boats” “seeds”
– The British arrived by boat
– Colonization
– Singapure grew a lot
– Disadvantages of colonization:
– Loss of identity, culture & freedom



Centuries, by the sea’s pulmonary,
a vein throbbing humming bumboats –
your trees rise as skyscrapers.
Their ankles lost in swilling water,
as they heave themselves higher
above the mirrored surface.

  • sea’s pulmonary … a vein throbbing“: The sea transports the lifeblood of Singapore, its trade
  • humming bumboats“: “bumboats” is a small boat
  • trees rise as skyscrapers“: It suggests the development from a rural to a urban environment
  • ankles lost in swilling water“: The modern city is still sink into the water
  • heave themselves higher“: “heave” is refer to a great effort to develop a city
  • mirrored surface“: the city is reflected in the sea

Notes in class:

– Power of sea –> exonomy (trade)
– Singapour economy depends on the sea
– Singapore–> from rural to urban “skyscrapers”



Remember your self: your raw lion heart,
Each beat a stony echo that washes
through ribbed vaults of buildings.

Remember your keris, iron lightning
ripping through tentacles of waves,
double-edged, curved to a point-

flung high and caught unsheathed, scattering
five stars in the red tapestry of your sky.

  • Remember your self“: to remember their shared history
  • raw lion heart“: their past must not be forgotten by the modern life. “lion heart” gives reference to something or someone brave
  • a stony echo that washes // ribbed vaults of buildings“: metaphor. The connection with the mithological origins, their culture and traditions, formed the city.
  • Remember your keris“: its an asimmetrical dagger. symbol of Malayan culture
  • iron lightning“: visual image. Links the shape of the keris to an elemental force
  • ripping through tentacles of waves“: violent image
  • caught unsheathed // five stars in the red tapestry of your sky“: act of daring

Notes in class:

– Renember your origins/culture/identity/who u really are
– Lets ise the sea dor its advantagea (trade) but kets feel proud of ourselves our identity! We are singapureans
– Theme:
– nationalism/strong sense of nation
– Love for your country/nature
– Colonization
– Urbanization

Viajes: El Encuentro Con El Otro

En nuestra clase de lengua empezamos a ver el tema nuevo de estre trimestre: el encuentro con el otro y por supuesto, viajes. Por eso, con nuestra profesora Cami Aliberti, decidimos hacer un cuento sobre un viaje, en el que explicabamos nuestra llegada a un  lugar único y nuestro encuentro con algun ser o criatura mágica. [ Consigna ]


Y lo logré. Finalmente llegué al lugar el cual estuve esperando tanto tiempo. Nueve años de terroríficas navegaciones para llegar allí, al mejor lugar de todo el mundo. Pues voy a tratar de describirlo, pero no va a ser muy fácil, porque esto, es algo jamás antes visto. Es muy distinto a todo lo existente, por eso, es especial y único.

Según un par de aventureros y científicos aquel lugar es mágico. Nunca cambia la estación climática. Nunca hace ni mucho frío ni mucho calor, siempre esta cálido. Así se puede disfrutar del ardiente sol, el cual está reflejado debajo de una laguna que contiene aguas cristalinas. El clima también es tropical y nunca hay nubes. Solo hay una leve brisa que te refresca lo suficiente como para no estar sofocada por el luminoso sol. Aquí los árboles son más delgados, mas altos, y tanto ellos como el pasto son de color purpura. Sin embargo, no por todo lo que les acabo de comunicar, este lugar es mágico. Es mágico porque debajo de la laguna hay una comunidad de mágicas criaturas, que trabajan con mucho esfuerzo para lograr ese bellísimo paraíso. Pues su reina es muy inteligente y desde hace muchos años ya vienen trabajando con una esplendida organización: con el polen de las flores púrpuras crean polvo mágico, el cual debe estar posicionado de una determinada posición para mantener mágico aquel sitio. Este misterioso polvo los convierte en lo que son, y sin él, aquel lugar sería horriblemente distinto.

Entonces decidí a verlo todo. A ver todo lo que mis compañeros me dijeron de este maravilloso lugar. No obstante, cuando lo vi, me desilusioné. Pues el lugar el cual yo creí haber llegado, no era aquel de las bellísimas descripciones. No era perfecto, ni asombroso, ni mucho menos habitable. Tuve que pasar por un enorme y escalofriante puente de raíces de árboles que ya casi se derrubaba de lo viejo que estaba. Y cuando terminé de cruzarlo, vi un horrible sitio cubierto por nieblas en cada insignificante rincón. No podía ver mucho porque ya había oscurecido, pero la pálida luna me reubico a poder ver el nuevo lugar. Apenas di dos pasos, escuché como la raíz que estaba pisando crujía y sintiendo todo el viento en mi cara, caí. Una especie de tobogán de horripilantes ramas y raíces de árboles me llevó hasta encontrare con un lago. Un lago completamente congelado. Al pararme, no me sentía sola. Supe que alguien estaba mirando cada mínimo movimiento que hacía. En un momento, vi una sombra y lo encontré. Estaba al lado del árbol, detrás de unos pequeños arbustos. Era una criatura mágica.

Entonces le dije que no tema de mi, pues que yo solamente había venido a visitar y explorar unas tierras mágicas, pero le conté que iba a partir de inmediato, porque aparentemente había llegado al lugar equivocado. Luego él me dijo, que no me había equivocado de lugar. Que estaba exactamente en el lugar que estaba buscando. Por lo tanto, me tomé unos minutos para reflexionar. Me di cuenta que aquel duende estaba en lo cierto. Empezamos a hablar, y nos hicimos amigos. Me contó muchísimas otras cosas de esa esplendida localidad. Como que tienen minis unicornios y que hay unos peces violetas que pueden hablar. Pero lo más importante fue que me dijo que un caballito de mar se había robado todo el polvo mágico del lugar y que por eso el territorio había quedado tan deprimente.

Por consiguiente, decidí ayudarlos. Al día siguiente, fui a la casa de aquel loco caballito de mar y me dijo que la razón la cual él había robado el polvo era solamente porque era mágico. Por eso, lo convencí de que me lo devolviera y que a cambio le daba una bolsa llena de frutos mágicos, que cada uno cumplía un deseo. Finalmente, al tener el polvo mágico devuelta en su posición exacta, el sitio empezó a volver mágicamente tal cual como estaba en un principio. Y ahora sí, pude verlo todo con mis propios ojos. Y a partir de ahora seré yo la que cuente maravillosas y divertidas historias de este estupendo y no aquellos aventureros y científicos. Pues lo que te acabo de contar, nadie lo sabe, todavía…

im. 5


An Inspector Calls characters

In literature class we had to create a post in our blog finding evidence about An Inspector Calls  and quotations for our characters descriptions. Here is my work with Sybilla Correa Perkins and Ines Galmarini.


Arthur Birling:

– Tries to impress the inspector with his social status and fails.

– He is proud that he is going to be knighted. He thinks he is “Absolutely First Class”.

– He claims its one of the best nights of his life because the marriage between Gerald and Sheila will improve his business.

– He is extremely selfish, ” A man has to make his own way”, he also thinks that firing Eva Smith wasn’t a bad thing. The only thing he is worried abut is his and his family’s reputation, he doesnt learn the lesson.


Mr Sybill Birling

– Mr Sybil was a very cold woman and a snob, who cared a lot about social classes.

-She really dislikes the inspector and she even lies to him.

– She sees Sheila and Eric as children, and tries to hide their issues, like his drinking and her marriage problems.

– She admits to have judged Eva Smith before even talking to her and she saw it as her duty not to help her. She only sees people as their social class and not how they truly are.

-Mrs Sybil, like her husband still doesn’t see anything wrong in her actions and doesn’t accept the major responsability she has.  “then he’d be entirely responsible – because the girl wouldn’t have come to us, an have been refused to assistance, if it hadn’t been for him”. She blames it on other people.


Eric Birling

– Eric is an akward character, with a tense realationship with his father. He is also a hard drinker.

-He supports workers like Sheila he feels that they should have better a lifestyle, “Why shouldnt they try for higher wages” he cares more about the people that their money. When he retells the story of Eva Smith he is very guilty, frustrated and he can’t believe he did such stupid thing, he says ” Oh – My God! How stupid it all is”. He actually has a sense of responsibility and he is appalled that his parents don’t.



– In the beginning of the book she is described as no more than a pretty face but when the inspector arrives we discover that she is not as naive and shallow as we think she is.

– She immediately shows her compassion for Eva Smith, she is full of guilt  and she blames herself as “really responsable” and starts to change.

-She catches up on what the inspector is saying very rapidly, she is the first one to know that Eric is the one who got Eva pregnant. She tells her mother to “Stop, Stop! ” just as the inspector starts, so she picks the information quickly. She is also the first one to suspect that the inspector isnt real.

– When Gerald admits that he cheated on her she doesn’t get angry she acts very mature. She is a developing character because she gets smarter and matures by the end of the story.

– She is also surprised with her parents behavior,” If it didn’t end traggically, lucky for us but it might have had”  she reminds them that even if it didn’t happen is still thought them a lesson.


Eva Smith

-Her parents were dead, she was in the working class and she came from outside brumley

-The Inspector says she kept a secret diary that made him understand and know about the last two years of her life.

-In act 3 the family starts to wonder if Eva Smith was real. “We’ve no proof it was the same photograph and therefore no proof it was the same girl”. Yet the final phone call, announcing that a police inspector is shortly to arrive at the Birlings’ house to investigate the suicide of a young girl, makes us realise that maybe Eva Smith did exist after all.

-Eva Smith could represent every woman of her class.


Inspector Goole

-He works very systematically; he likes to deal with “one person and one line to enquiry at a time”. His method is to confront a suspect with a piece of information and then make them talk.

-He is a figure of authority. He deals with each member of the family very firmly. He cuts through Mrs Birling’s obstructiveness.

-He seems to know and understand everything.

-He knows the history of Eva Smith and the Birlings’ involvement in it, even though she died only hours ago.

-He knows things are going to happen.

-He is obviously in a great hurry towards the end of the play. Does he knows that the real inspector is shortly going to arrive?

-His final speech is like a sermon or a politician’s. “We are responsible for eachother”, “fire and blood and anguish” that will result if they do not pay attention to what he has taught them.

-All the mystery suggests that the Inspector is not a ‘real’ person.


– He is an aristot his family is not over impressed by Gerald’s engagement to Sheila since the Crofts wanted more money and the Birlings wanted a nobility title
– He is not as willing as Sheila to admit his part in the girl’s death.
– He did have some genuine feeling for Daisy
– He tries to prove that “that man was not a police officer” so that the family can forgive and forget. He seems to throw his energy into “protecting” himself rather than “changing” himself (unlike Sheila)
– At the end of the play, he has not changed. Also, Sheila is unsure whether to take the back of the engagement ring.

Essay S1 and S2: Passion

In our literature class we had to write an essay about the poem “Passion” by Kathleen Raine with students from Senior 1. I wrote mine with Anouk Laferrer. [task]

As you can see, the essay is divided in two colours. The blues sentences are written by Anouk and the green ones by me.


Characterization in “An Inspector Calls”

In our literature class we had to read the description of the characters in the play “An Inspector Calls” in the bookket, and find quotations to show the evidence of them.  I did it with Sybilla Correa Perkins and Ine Galmarini.

Arthur Birling:

• he tries and fails to impress the Inspector with his local standing and his influential friends.

• he is proud that he is likely to be knighted

• he claims its one of the happiest nights of his life because the marriage between Sheila and Gerald Croft will improve his busiines

• he is extremely selfish: “a man has to make his own way”. He cannot see that he did anything wrong faring Eva Smith. The only thing he is worried about his and his family’s reputation

• at the end of the play, he knows he has lost the chance of his knighthood. He hasn’t learnt the lesson of it.