Idiomatic Expressions

In our literature class, we have been learning some idiomatic expressions!

Resultado de imagen para idiomatic expressions posters

Imagen relacionada

Imagen relacionada


After reading them, we had to do an activity in groups. I was with Silvestre Braun and Ines Galmarini. First, we had to choose 5 idioms and find out the meaning, in order to make a dialogue including them.

Task 1Dialogue

After that we were told to prepare a poster similar to the ones in the examples above!





Max Weber

In our history class we were divided into groups. Each one had to search for information on different intellectuals and answer the following essay question: «Explain the relationship of the given intellectual with European society changed by agricultural and industrial revolution. Explain their interpretation of society and their way of interviewing / critic». I have done this work with Margaita Muller and Milagros Mendez.



Vocabulary on devastated places

In our literature class, we read some articles in connection to disasters and we made a list of words and phrases to describe devastated places in groups. I worked with Silvestre and Margarita.

Sil chose reading the Tsunamis article, Margui chose Earthquake, and I chose Hurracaine one. After we listed all the words, we add some pictures to illustrate our vocabulary

Then, we created a chart to portray all the new vocabulary!


Seamus Heaney Poetry

In our literature class we read a story called “Journey”, a story that deals with rite of passage. Then we worked on Seamus Heaney and how he deals with Rite of Passage in his poems.

Group work: Silvestre Braun, Margarita Muller and Rosario Vago

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Seamus Heaney:

Seamus Justin Heaney was born on April 13, 1939, on a farm in the Castledàwson, County Londonderry region of Northern Ireland, the first of nine children in a Catholic family. He received a scholarship to attend the boarding school St. Columb’s College in Derry and went on to Queens University in Belfast, studying English and graduating in 1961.

In 1953, Heaney’s second youngest brother Christopher was killed in a road accident, aged four. This tragic event is commemorated in one of his most famous poems, ‘Mid-Term Break’. After Christopher’s death, the family moved to a new farm, The Wood, outside the village of Bellaghy. Heaney was deeply influenced by the life of country, which later, found expression in his poetry. But then, as he grew up he also watched the industrial mushroom around him, and soon he saw the rural side of Ireland deplete.


We read some poems written by Seamus Heaney and we analyze them!


After reading and analysing the poems in groups I was able to make a connection between them and Seamus life. I was able to spot how he writes things connected with his own life and how many poems include rite of passage.

For example, in the poem “personal helicon”, a boy is described that used to love going to a well where “echoes gave back your own call, with a clean new music in it”. This portrays the innocence and naiveness life of the kid, since he loved doing such a simple thing: going to a well. His “personal helicon”, his instrument, is the well. As a kid, it reflects his joy, so that’s the reason why the well that gives back your own call gave him back clean music. Because he was an innocent and naive boy. When he grew up and went back, the well reflected a dark echo. This is due to the fact, the boy grew up and mature. He lost his childhood innocence. So here is where the rite of passage is described. Moreover I also related this with his life, since the well reflects how he feels, as a child it reflects joy while as a grown up it reflects darkness, guilt. The guilt of being a writer and leaving the farming family legacy.

Moreover we can see another example of rite of passage in the poem “Blackberry-picking”. This poem deals with a boy that picks up a lot of berries and does not understand they will rot. Again, the poet compares childhood with adulthood since that boy realized the fact he should not pick so many berries, because they will rot, when he matured and grew up. Here the rite of passage is also presented, since he passed from not knowing to knowing, from not understanding to understanding and having an epiphany: picking so many berries won’t get you anywhere, ambitions won’t get you anywhere.

Another poem where rite of passage is portrayed is in the poem «Digging». This poem presents a boy who remembers how his father and his grandfather spend their time, digging. He remembers seeing them through the window, while he handed a pen. The pen here is used as a metaphor since he dedicated his life to writing rather than digging the farm. The poem reflects his childhood at the farm. There is a rite of passage since the pen is the tool to dig inside himself and to take out his feelings, he carries deep inside. Instead of using a spade as a tool to dig, he uses a pen. He is «digging» for his identity.



Songs & Literature

In our literature class, we have been discussing our favourite songs. We shared lyrics we adore and we debated and commented on them. We also read an article about Bob Dylan winning the Nobel Prize for Literature.

After that, we were told to choose a song. I chose the song psycho by Muse.


Muse biography:

Muse is a British rock band formed in Teignmouth, Devon in 1993. Its three members are Matthew Bellamy (singer, guitarist and keyboardist), Chris Wolstenholme (bassist) and Dominic Howard (drummer and percuasionist). They started playing since 1994 to now a days.

Muse signed to Maverick Records and released their debut album, Showbiz, in 1999. They have won numerous awards, including two Grammy Awards, two Brit Awards, five MTV Europe Music Awards and eight NME Awards.

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Song lyrics: "Psycho"

Love, it will get you nowhere
You're on your own
Lost in the wild
So come to me now
I could use someone like you
Someone who'll kill on my command
And asks no questions

I'm gonna make you
I'm gonna break you
I'm gonna make you
A fucking psycho
A fucking psycho
A fucking psycho
Your ass belongs to me now

Are you a human drone?
(Aye, sir!)
Are you a killing machine?
(Aye, sir!)
I'm in control, motherfucker, do you understand?
(Aye, sir!)

Your mind is just a program
And I'm the virus
I'm changing the station
I'll improve your thresholds
I'll turn you into a super drone (super drone)
And you will kill on my command
And I won't be responsible

I'm gonna make you
I'm gonna break you
I'm gonna make you
A fucking psycho
A fucking psycho
A fucking psycho
Your ass belongs to me now

Are you a psycho killer? Say "I'm a psycho killer!"
(I am a psycho killer!)
Scream it!
(I am a psycho killer!)
Show me your war face!
You are a pussy! I said show me your war face!

I'm gonna make you
I'm gonna break you
I'm gonna make you
A fucking psycho
A fucking psycho
A fucking psycho
Your ass belongs to me now

I will break you, do you understand?
I will break you, do you understand?
I will break you, do you understand?
I will break you, do you understand?
(Aye, sir!)

You fucking psycho
Your ass belongs to me now
Your ass belongs to me now
Main themes: 

Criticism to wars

Criticism to the system

Criticism to the ones supporting war


In my opinion, the song criticizes the whole system that causes war, but most importantly to the people who trie to convince men to join the army and to «honorably» fight for other people’s mistakes. The song criticizes the ones who brainwash men to become soldiers, since they were transforming them into monsters rather than fighters.


Main tones:







The criticism is expressed by making a militar man the voice of the song in order to portray the brainwashing, so as to express what those men were capable of, and to show the way they treat men, soldiers. So I find the song ironic, since they are not in favor of what the militar man says, they are exposing what someone like him would say and do in order to criticize them and their methods.


Literary devices:

  • In the song I found a voice, that could be a military or political figure that is talking to a crowd of soldiers.


  • Metaphor: “Lost in the wild” representing that men are lost in society and in life, and that entering the army would provide a reason to live. This totally criticizes the brainwashing the politicians do at times of war.


  • There also is a simile that says “I could use someone like you”, this is used to make a personal ‘speech’ to the soldiers in order to make them feel special, since they can be used by the armed force.


  • And asks no questions”, this is an oxymoron to emphasize the idea of not asking questions about the deaths. 


  • Repetition to emphasize the fact that the army transforms men into monsters. There is repetition in other phrases as well all along the poem.

“I’m gonna make you

I’m gonna break you

I’m gonna make you

A fucking psycho

A fucking psycho

A fucking psycho”


  • There is a metaphor to emphasize how soldiers are controlled by the army when the voice says, “Your ass belongs to me now


  • There is another metaphor when the voice compares itself “Your mind is just a program And I’m the virus I’m changing the station”. Here we can see how the army knows they are infecting people’s lives. They are aware about the fact they are «the virus», interfering in the many families lives, but they just do not care. This criticizes the system.


  • The system is also criticized when the song reveals to us the brainwashing. «Are you a killing machine?.. Aye, sir». Here it is portrayed how soldiers were manipulated. That is also present when the song says «You will kill on my command and I won’t be responsible», meaning that either the militar or politician that is in charge of the killing won’t accept the responsibilities that are required. 


Personal opinion:

I did not know the song when I chose it nor the band, I chose this one because I wanted to analyze something new. After hearing the song, I interpreted it. The song starts telling us that love is pointless and worthless since it “will get you nowhere”. At the same time, this same voice tells us “I could use someone like you Someone who’ll kill on my command”. So I thought that the one who is talking might be someone who wants to ‘reclute’ men, or women, to kill people. The voice wants to make people understand love is useless, in order to make their lives “worth” by doing something useful: according to the voice, killing people for him. Later, the song tells us “I’m gonna make you A fucking psycho”. So here was when I made my interpretation, I believe this band is criticizing not only war, but also the men who cause it and who incentive people to fight. This could be any military or political figure that supports war. This band is criticizing their way of treatment and how they transform soldiers, by remarking the fact that they are not transforming men into soldiers, they are transforming them into monsters, into “fucking psychos”. The song also criticizes how they convinced people to go to fight, they criticize the brain washing, of telling love is pointless, when, in my opinion, love is actually what saves us.


Linkers Activity

In our Proyecto class we are revising how to use the linkers and connectors in order to improve our writing skills.

To start with we were told to do some activities. Afterward, take down notes of the mistakes and leave a comment in the blog saying which connectors/ linkers are difficult.

After that, we were told to complete a text with the connector we though fixed. I have done this with Margui Muller.


Causes and Effects of Uncontrolled Urbanization

If you are an urban dweller, you may know the real meaning of urbanization. 1. …however…, this does not always indicate your sufficient insight in the “uncontrolled urbanization”  topic too. To form a causal chain, it is right to say that more jobs, more services in the urban side and absence of land in the countryside force people to migrate to larger cities which brings about uncontrolled urbanization. 2……As a result….., some problems arise such as unemployment,inadequacy of infrastructure/services and some environmentally unwanted events as well as unpleasant demographic incidents.

3…To start with.., it is a good point to dig up the reasons for people to come to larger cities. First of all, by all accounts, cities are perceived to offer a wide variety of job opportunities on the grounds that there are very different branches of  businesses in cities. Inasmuch as unemployment level is hugely high in the rural areas and the work is only about farming in contrast to countless business sectors in chief cities, more and more people choose searching for their chances in the metropolis.

4………Secondly………., comes another significant reason: There are better services in cities. As a matter of fact, transportation is extremely developed so as to make use of time efficiently. Medical services are supported with the latest technological improvements, there are unbelievably modern hospitals. 5…In addition…, education is taken into account seriously. There are very high-quality schools with excellent teachers, teaching with up-to-date techniques. None of these can be found in the rural areas, at this stage.

6…. Apart from these…. factors causing migration to big cities, there is a strong push factor stemming from absence of enough land. It would be very hard and useless to cultivate the land if it is too small to make an agricultural production. One important thing triggers this incident increasingly during the last years; namely, division of land. To explain, in the rural areas when someone dies, the inheritance would usually be the land. 7…However.., the land is divided into many parts due to the fact that in the countryside it is common to have lots of children and they all have rights to take one part of the inherited land. 8…Consequently…., what they get are useless small lands rather than a gigantic land which is capable of making a great deal of agricultural production itself. The inability to do the only thing, farming, again brings about migration to big cities with the hopes of making money.

As mentioned earlier, all these facts and figures necessitate uncontrolled urbanization, in the midst of the causal chain. 9…So.., what are the side effects and drawbacks of this growth?


After that we had to prepare our own exercise! We hope you do it correctly! ;).

In a week we will post the correct answers.

  • I studied hard for the test, ………… I failed.



  • Anne Frank kept a diary from June 12, 1942, to August 1, 1944. …………., she wrote it strictly for herself.


  • They gave me a beautiful book, Dutch Sasas and Lesends, ……. they gave me Volume II by mistake, ……  I exchanged two other books for Volume 1.


  • I got to decide which game my classmates would play, and I chose volleyball. ………….. they all danced around me in a circle and sang «Happy Birthday.»


  • …………….. she’s only twelve, she’s quite a lady.

Bye… for now ;)

This year, in my literature class, I learnt a lot of poems I didn’t know. Since some of them were about wars or melancholy, I thought they were going to be horrible and dreadful. I thought I was going to hate them and that they were going to be really boring. However, to my surprise, I found out new things. I learnt how war can be connected with poetry and how lovely the outcome can be. I understood how horrible things can be used to create beautiful ones. Like for example, how an event of war where a soldier was dying can be transformed into a wonderful poem. Or how amazing and breathtaking can be the point of view where melancholy is seen as something positive. Throughout this year, I don’t only learn how lovely poems can be, but I also understood how to apply them into my life. I can now see the positive aspects of life and I can appreciate it. I can be grateful, because I see the world with new eyes. The spiritual retreat greatly contributed this change.


I think that my favorite poem is “Ode of Melancholy”, because it helped me understand better the world, the events and life. My favorite story I think it would be “The Lady in the Looking Glass” due to the fact it showed me the person I would not like to be. It reminded me the fact that I shouldn’t be a fake person. How I should not show fake aspects of me, because that would make my personality empty. It touched me how I should be the person I am, my true essence, in order to make people value me.


My favorite activity was the e- portfolio because I found it really interesting to add comments and ideas to the topics we were seeing in class. I found it really fun to make collages, videos, songs and presentations because it gave me the opportunity to analyze poetry in another way, through a new perspective. What I didn’t like very much was to analyze the poems and stories on our own, because there I didn’t have the possibility to discuss some aspects or share others of the poetry. I think the system we have done was the best way to learn. I really enjoy having the e-portfolio so open, unrestricted and unlimited because we were allowed to explore our imagination and create poetry, art.

Ode of Melancholy photo album

We read a poem called «Ode of Melancholy», in our literature class, written by John Keats. Through a sorrowful and dreadful theme, Keats is able to outline how to embrace melancholy and depression and how to make the most of it. For this e-portfolio, I decided to include some quotes that, in my opinion, deal with the same message Keats expresses. I found more interesting to add a picture to each quote, with pictures I took! According to the speaker, melancholy and sadness are part of the natural human range of emotion, and in order to really experience joy, we have to allow ourselves to experience sorrow as well.

I also connect this poem with something personal that happened to me. We read this poem after we have gone to our spiritual retreat. There I understood something new that actually is very similar with what Keats tells us. I understood we need to fully understand and accept melancholy to be able to enjoy the positive aspects of life. Because without experimenting melancholy, we are not able to feel and understand joy. We wouldn’t be greatful and happy of the good things if we are not able to see the difference between the positive and the negative aspects of life. And we can only understand that difference by living it, by feeling sadness and sorrow. In the spiritual retreat I was able to accept melancholy, to see the difference. Something that is not easy, but worthy, in order to be happy and feel love.